The kind of angina treatment your doctor uses for you will vary depending upon how severe the problem underlying is. This related to how damaged the heart is. People with mild angina will usually be treated with lifestyle changes and drugs to control such symptoms. Changes to lifestyle include eating healthy for heart diets that are low in cholesterol, exercising regularly, giving up smoking, controlling diabetes and bringing down high blood pressure.
Some of the drugs used in angina treatment will increase how much oxygen your heart gets and decrease your heart’s requirements for oxygen. Such medications include:
- Blockers of calcium channels
- Bata blockers
Other drugs will prevent blood clot formation that may further block the flow of blood to your heart muscles. Medicines like these include anti-platelet medications.
If you have a more serious form of angina, the doctor might recommend treatment needed for opening of blocked arteries. This includes:
- CABG surgery – Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
- EECP – External counter-pulsation
What to Do If You Have Angina
If you get an angina attack, stop whatever you’re doing, sit down, and rest. Take a tablet of the prescribed angina medication, if it is nitroglycerin. Dissolve below the tongue. If it’s the spray format, spray below tongue and wait for five minutes.
If the angina persists after 5 minutes, take one more dose of nitroglycerin and wait for 5 minutes more. Then, take 3rd dose if angina has not been relieved. If angina persists for 15 minutes, dial 911 for emergency help or ask someone to take you to closest emergency room.
If you believe that you’re having a heart attack, DON’T DELAY. Call for medical help immediately. Never drive self to hospital. You may take aspirin if required. To reduce heart damage, heart attack must be treated quickly.